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Video clips and animations

Electrolytes and non-electrolytes

Lecture demonstration from Canadian lecturer Bob Burk looking at salt and sugar solutions. His demonstrations are always worth watching. However, under no circumstances should you try this at home, because he uses mains electricity to do the test. That is potentially lethal. In the lab, you would normally not use more than, say, a 6 volt battery and small bulb. YouTube

Electrolysis of molten salts

An introduction to the electrolysis of melts - lead bromide and zinc chloride. It implies that bromine gas contains bromine atoms rather than diatomic molecules, and leaves some unanswered questions, but is otherwise good. It takes 5 minutes, but gives you a better view than you would ever get of the experiment in the lab. YouTube

The electrolysis of sodium chloride solution

This comes from the same source as the electrolysis of molten salts above - 4 minutes this time. Again it doesn't state clearly that the hydrogen and chlorine produced are diatomic molecules rather than single atoms. YouTube

The electrolysis of copper(II) sulfate solution

This brief video shows the formation of copper and oxygen from the electrolysis of copper(II) sulfate solution using carbon electrodes. You will need to pause or rewind the video to read the labelling which flashes on from time to time. This experiment is being done very quickly, with a high current density (found by dividing the current in amps by the surface area of the electrode actually in the solution). If it continued any longer, the copper wouldn't plate cleanly on to the electrode, but instead tends to form a dark brown-black "fur". To get good adhesion, you need a current density of around 30 mA per square centimetre of cathode immersed in the solution (that's about what is used for plating copper industrially). YouTube

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© Jim Clark 2017